Most of the limestone deposits (calcium carbonate) was created 300-500 million years ago. We can comfortably presume that: at least 98% of those deposits are now on the bottom of the sea; and only limestone we can see and use is; from places that because of buckling of the tectonic plates, some sea-bottom surfaced. Those limestone deposits ((calcium-CARBONate)) are made off dead corals and shells.

At that time was no trees; so, the carbon that is now in existing tree and mulch, was in a form of CO2 in the air and in the sea. #2: the carbon now locked into ALL the fossil fuel, was as free CO2, in the air and into the sea. #3: even the carbon locked now into the limestone that was made *after* 300 million years ago, even THAT carbon was between 300-500 million years into the air and into the seawater, including the carbon in the coral and shells that died last year – and including the carbon into the bodies of the contemporary living corals, was in the air and into the seawater.

When coral was most prolific, CO2 in the air was at least 20 times higher, 2000% higher than now, and the coral is adjusted to that level; because was plenty CO2 available, that made the coral to be LOUSY CO2 COLLECTOR. Corals are now ON STARVATION DIET for CO2; they feel as fish out of water on the rain…

Shells and corals are made of *calcium-CARBONate*. Because calcium is very alkaline, they need to sweeten it -> CO2 from the air get washed by the rain -> as *carbonic acid* falls into the sea -> coral collects it, keeps the carbon for itself, and lets the oxygen from CO2 molecule into the water, is replenishing the sea with oxygen; and by binding carbon + calcium, creates its body, which is ‘’calcium-carbonate’’, or when dead, is limestone ((same as you use cheese / alkaline + and tomato / acidic, to make yourself a sandwich)). That’s how shells and corals have being depleting the water of carbon, because they can’t go to the shop, to get their essential carbon. And the CO2 has being completely depleted for their good prosperity; for them 400ppm CO2 is same as for you to collect dew droplets in the desert, and if somebody gives you a whole glass of water -> swindlers to say that is going to destroy you and drown you in the desert; only if the poor corals can talk…!!!

To tell the shonky marine biologist that: ‘’coral lives in the seawater, high alkaline environment, pH8,3; because salt is alkaline, also the very soluble elements as calcium, magnesium, potassium, and is desperate for extra CO2, for building his body, and higher alkalinity not to kill the algae that are giving the beautiful colors to the coral, to BLEACH it’’ ((BLEACH = BLEACHING, bleach is pH13))


About stefanthedenier

Climate Change, Global warming or not. Polar ice. Methane
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  1. Luke Andrews says:

    Your information is incorrect. – “Shells and corals are made of *calcium-CARBONate*.’ – This is not AT ALL the process by which corals are formed nor only made of.

    Coral SKELETONS are made of “calcium-CARBONate” , NOT the actual living coral itself. Corals are in fact INVERTEBRATES. The limestone substrate (your “calcium-CARBONate”) of stony coral colonies develops because each individual animal, or polyp, secretes a hard, cup-like skeleton of calcium carbonate (limestone) around itself as a protection against predators and storm waves.

    Also, ‘CO2 from the air get washed by the rain -> as *carbonic acid* falls into the sea -> coral collects it, keeps the carbon for itself’ – is not AT ALL the process by which CO2 in the atmosphere is transferred to the oceans. CO2 (gas) is absorbed into the sea to form a weak acid called carbonic acid. It is NOT ‘fallen’ into the sea. It is FORMED in the sea. As the atmospheric CO2 levels increase, the oceans become more acidic resulting in less calcium and carbonate ions (CO3–) available. The carbonate ions stay in the weak carbonic acid, H2CO3, making many of them unavailable to form limestone. Additionally, the weak carbonic acid that results from carbon dioxide in solution tends to dissolve already formed limestone.

    SIMPLE CHEMISTRY. Now, Is chemistry some sort of conspiracy? Some sort of HOAX too? Idiot.

    • G’day Luke, that’s where you are, welcome!!
      yes, we know about THE polyps, but the hard skeleton is part of the coral, big part of it AND even soft corals need carbonic acid, which is their food. 2] corals don’t go in the atmosphere to collect their CO2 – as you go in the supermarket to get your carbon. CO2 + nitrogen + SO2 get washed by the rain, as carbonic and sulfuric acids – into the soil and in the water – the more CO2 in the air => the more is washed into the sea. 4] the sea has the biggest calcium deposits into the sea / limestone, mountains of it and oceans can never be acidic. 5] the *positive / negative IONS* part that many of you have being brainwashed and you regurgitating on facebook, was concocted to deceive the ignorant phony skeptics, and you have fallen for it, to expose your ignorance and stupidity…

      the NAKED TRUTH: every sea and ocean on the planet is NEGATIVELY CHARGED, from the surface to the bottom, including Terra Firma. But: when a molecule evaporated -> takes the heat from the molecules next to it, and that one gets positively charged. Few molecules evaporated is insignificant and not detectable – but when accumulate end create a cloud – that cloud is *positively charged* and when starts raining – the rain droplets make contact with the ground that is always negatively charged and make KABOOM!! – thunder. But during the lifespan of that cloud – if dry heat was coming from distance and was vacuuming part of the moisture in that cloud -> electricity was doubling and quadrupling and in Australia creates DRY electric storms – in USA when gets overcharged with electricity – because dry air from the distant deserts collected part of the moisture, many times; that accumulated electricity starts spinning and creates tornadoes / twisters. So I am not going to advise you; where you should shove those positive / negative ions created in the sea and carbonic acid – because you don’t even know *where acid rain is created, and when is too much of it, damages the foliage = overdosing on the good thing. Your junky mobs should knew what ‘over dozing is” on different acids, of course. Cheers !!! Luke, when you don’t know something, just ask and learn – don’t rely on Wikipedia crap that is put there by the Warmist swindlers, for the PHONY skeptics to munch that crap; have a nice appetite !!

  2. Since 1980, Oceans and Seas pH never ever came below 7.9 pH. Is it OCEAN ACIDIFICATION?

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